Quatrième Partie: L’alphabet et la phonétique / Explication de grammaire

La Grammaire
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La phonétique

Les accents

The acute accent (´), l’accent aigu, and the grave accent (`), l’accent grave, are used to indicate the quality of the vowel sound represented by the letter e.

A. Listen to each example and repeat.

é /e/

è /ɛ/

When used with letters other than e, the accent grave does not indicate a sound difference but serves to distinguish different words which have the same spelling but different meanings.

ou (or) où (where)
la date (the date) là (there)
il y a (there is/are) à l’heure (on time)

The circumflex (ˆ), l’accent circonflexe, arose historically as a marker for vowels which were followed by another letter (usually s) in an earlier state of the language:

être (<estre)      hôtel (<hostel)      forêt (<forest)      plaît (<plaist)

The cedilla (ç), la cédille, is used only with the letter c to indicate the sound /s/ when it is followed by the letters ao, or u:

Ça va? /sa/      cahier /ka/

The cedilla is not used with the letters e and i:

Ce merci
c’est ici

The dieresis (¨), le tréma, is used with vowels to indicate that they are pronounced separately from a preceding vowel:

Noël naïf Loïc
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Placez les accents

For an editable version of this activity, please use this link.

Regardez les vidéos sur la phonétique


Le “r” français

Écoute une chanson- Focus : le “r”


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Français inclusif: An Interactive Textbook for French 101 by Department of World Languages, Boise State University is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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